یکی از روش های تقویت قدرت موتور استفاده از سرسیلندرهای آلومینیومی تراش CNC شده است.مزایای این سرسیلندرهای غیرفابریک(After Market) شامل :
- تغییرات و بهینه سازی در ورودی های هوا و خروجی های دود که با توجه به سیستم تنفس و تخلیه موتور باعث جریان بهتر هوا و احتراق بهتر می شوند.
- جنس و طراحی این سرسیلندرها باعث کاهش ویسکوزینه هوا می شود که در دور بالا و تنفس شدید موتور تاثیر خود را نشان خواهد داد.
- آلومینیوم سبک است و قابلیت انتقال گرمایی خوبی دارد.
- این راه حل مکملی برای افزایش قدرت با استفاده از روش های پرخوران (توربو و سوپرشارژر) ، بهینه سازی مجاری اگزوز و استفاده از هدرز است.
اکثر خودروسازان برای خودروهای معمولی بازار از سرسیلندرهای معمولی که امکان قالب گیری و تولید انبوه و ارزان دارند استفاده می کنند، اما در برخی خودروهای اسپرت و لوکس سرسیلندر از ابتدا از آلیاژ آلومینیوم تراش کامپیوتری خودرده و بهینه شده است.
مطالعه بیشتر : ویکیپدیا
سئوالات متداول :
How is CNC porting different than the traditional means of porting?
CNC porting is very precise because it is computer conrtolled. We can calculate the required cross sectional area and machine the port to that dimension every time (within less than .001”). We can also maintain consistent size throughout the port. Therefore, each port in the head will be identical and every ported head will be the same. This is a huge contrast to porting each head using grinding and sanding tools by hand.
Is there a noticeable difference for the average street rider/racer?
In the past, the average street port was just a basic clean up (less time, lower cost). The pro style port job was very time consuming (sometimes as long as 3-4 days) and much more expensive, while still having the inconsistencies of handwork. The CNC machine does not care if it is cutting .001” or .100”. Consequently, the street rider/racer can get a precision pro style port job in much less time, and priced somewhere between the cost of a hand pro port and a hand street port.
What are the benefits and disadvantages of CNC porting over turbo charging or nitrous?
CNC porting benefits normally aspirated or forced induction/nitrous engines. There are some classes or forms of racing, which do not allow turbos or nitrous, making porting a necessity for finding extra power.
How long will it take to port a cylinder head with a CNC?
The average inline four cylinder head takes between five and seven hours to CNC port. We put considerable time and effort into getting the program complete for each type of new head we choose to CNC port. While net flow was what head design was based on for many years and it still has some importance, there are many other important factors we now know we must take into consideration. We must first calculate the cylinder head requirements (power output, RPM range, bore, stroke, etc.) to get the desired cross-sectional area and flow in the port. We use previous experience and engine-modeling software to calculate required flow/air speed in the port. We then fixture the cylinder head in our five-axis machine to get all critical locations (intake spigot, exhaust spigot, valve seat, valve guide, etc.). We then hand port the prototype port & flow test until we reach the goals we have previously calculated. The early-on CNC technology stopped there. Many shops still hand port the head and input that information into their CNC, copying the hand port. We go many steps further in the process. After the prototype is finished, we then digitize the actual port surface. After we have an accurate port model, we can make measurements of the actual cross-sectional areas throughout the port (every .050”). At that point, we can make adjustments in our CAD drawing to specific areas of the port to maintain consistency and match minimum cross-sectional area goals. Once we are happy with the final port size and shape, we align the model with previously measured spigot and seat locations. We then create the program to duplicate the final ports in the head. We amortize the cost of the above time/labor over the estimated number of heads we think we may port in the next couple of years to determine the porting price.
Give us the lowdown on why you decided to invest the money in a CNC machining center?
We bought our first Mazak CNC in 1992 to do basic machining of cylinder heads. As time went on, about the only thing that was not accurately machined in the cylinder head was the port. We purchased a forth axis years later for our Mazak, and tried to machine as much of the port as we could. Unfortunately, there was still quite a bit of hand porting to be done. We occasionally had engines on the dyno that did not produce the same numbers as others, leading us to believe there were inconsistencies in the hand porting. I always thought it was crazy to be doing what we were doing by hand. We really couldn't charge enough to make it worthwhile, and we were unhappy with providing our customers with ports that were not consistent. One of my dreams was to have a completely finished cylinder head with no handwork (and therefore no inconsistencies), which we now have and can proudly offer to our customers thanks to the purchase of a HAAS 5 Axis Simultaneous Machining Center. Since this acquisition we have been able to produce a superior product, both for the street rider/racer and the professional teams.